Safeguarding Australia 2007

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    Addressing the broader threat environment

    Canberra, 3 & 4 October 2007

    The conference will be examining the range of national security threats facing Australia. These consist of:

    • International and domestic terrorism
    • Climate change security challenges
    • Pandemic and biological threats
    • Chemical and radiological threats
    • Espionage
    • Demographics security challenges
    • 2007 Federal Election and national security

    The Summit includes the RNSA Security Technology Conference in Melbourne on 28 September 2007. This conference presents key developments in security science, engineering and technology.

    Designed for the most influential decision makers from Australia’s national security community, this Summit examines the key strategies taking place within Australia’s homeland security sector.

    This 6th Safeguarding Australia Summit is the leading government, business and academic event in the calendar of the homeland security community. It offers an unrivalled opportunity for attendees to learn about and discuss new trends that are shaping Australia’s homeland security strategies as they adapt to a rapidly changing environment.

    Conference objectives
    • To examine the emerging key threats within the homeland security sector
    • To critically examine the potential impact from the threat vectors
    • To broaden the definition of national security
    • To draw on the knowledge of the delegates to identify impacts at the organisation, government, business and national level
    Program
    3 October 2007
    8:00 Registration opens
    9:00 Conference Moderator: Brett Peppler, Managing Director, Intelligent Futures
    9:05 Welcome: Deputy Rector, Prof John Arnold, UNSW@ADFA
    9:10 Summit Objectives: Athol Yates, Executive Director, Australian Homeland Security Research Centre
    9:15

    Leaderless Jihad and the implications for counter-terrorism
    Dr Marc Sageman, Senior Fellow, Center on Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism, and Homeland Security, Foreign Policy Research Institute, USA

    10:15 Trends in international and domestic terrorism
    Dr Carl Ungerer, International Relations, The University of Queensland
    • Trends in the threat and response to the threats
    • The factors which could alter the threat and response trends
    • The consequences if the threat materialises
    • The policy and operational implication

    11:00Break11:30

    Trends in climate change and national security
    Dr Graham Pearman, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Department of Arts, Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University, and co-author ofHeating up the Planet: Climate Change and Security (2006)

    • Trends in the threat and response to the threats
    • The factors which could alter the threat and response trends
    • The consequences if the threat materialises
    • The policy and operational implications

    12:10

    Demographic trends and national security
    Professor Peter Curson, Emeritus Professor in Medical Geography, Macquarie University, and Professor of Population & Security in the Centre for International Security Studies at the University of Sydney

    • Trends in the threat and response to the threats
    • The factors which could alter the threat and response trends
    • The consequences if the threat materialises
    • The policy and operational implications

    12:50Lunch1:50

    Workshop 1: Terrorism Workshop 2: Climate Change Workshop 3: Demography
    • Expert comment on homegrown terrorism byAssociateProfessor Nick O’Brien, Australian Graduate School of Policing, Charles Sturt University
    • Expert comment on crime control byProfessor Peter Grabosky, Centre of Excellence for Policing and Security
    • Delegate input via worshop questions
    • Chair: Dr Karl Mallon, Climate Risk
    • Expert comment on the implications for defence of climate change, Dr Anthony Bergin, Australian Strategic Policy Institute
    • Delegate input via workshop questions
    • Chair: Alan Hodges, Former head of Emergency Management Australia
    • Expert comment on the Muslim population growth,Professor Terry Hull, Chair in Population, Health and Development, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University
    • Delegate input via workshop questions

    3:20Break3:50Workshop reporting session4:20

    New national security threats require new national security machinery
    Associate Professor Ian Wing, Australian Graduate School of Policing, Charles Sturt University

    4:50Day close6:30Networking Drinks7:30Summit Dinner Address:The Hon. Arch Bevis MP, Shadow Minister for Homeland Security, Justice, Customs and Territories
    Sponsored by Point Trading 4 October 20078:00Registration opens9:05Update on UNSW@ADFA’s Defence and Security Applications Research Centre Michael Barlow, Director9:10Update on the Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security
    Professor Lorraine Mazerolle, Director9:152007 Election: Party policy trends and their impact on national and domestic security

    • Brendan Nicholson, National Security Correspondent, Foreign Affairs and Defence, The Age
    • John Kerin, National Security Correspondent, Australian FinancialReview
    • Trevor Thomas, Editor in Chief, Australian Defence Business Review

    10:15Trends in pandemics and national security
    Dr Christian Enemark, Centre for International Security Studies, University of Sydney, and National Centre for Biosecurity, Australian National University, author of Disease and Security: Natural Plagues and Biological Weapons in East Asia

    • Trends in the threat and response to the threats
    • The factors which could alter the threat and response trends
    • The consequences if the threat materialises
    • The policy and operational implications

    11:00Break11:30

    Trends in espionage threats to Australia
    Ian Dudgeon, former senior official, Australian Intelligence Community

    • Reasons for the threats
    • Targets for the threat

    12:00

    Trends in chemical and radiological threats
    Dr Eric Wenger, Director, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Data Centre, Australian Federal Police

    • Trends in the threat
    • The factors which could alter the threat

    12:30Lunch1:30

    Workshop 4: Election 2007 Workshop 5: Pandemic and biological threat Workshop 6: Chemical and radiological threats
    • Chair: Sal Sidoti, Booz Allen Hamilton
    • Expert comment on the international implications of the policy committments, Professor Bill Tow, Department of International Relations, Australian National University and Chief Investigator, Centre of Excellence of Policing and Security
    • Delegate input via workshop questions
    • Chair: Dr Keith Horsley, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
    • Expert comment on emergency health care workers’ willingness to work in a pandemic, Erin Smith, Research Fellow, Centre for Ambulance and Paramedic Studies, Monash University
    • Samantha Winter, Relenza Development, GlaxoSmithKline on the challenges in the rapid deployment and use of anti-virals if outbreaks occur
    • Delegate input via workshop questions
    • Chair: Don Williams
    • Expert comment on level of preparedness for first responders,Gadi Bichler, General Manager, Point Trading
    • Expert comment on capability adequacy from an all hazards perspective,David Templeman, former Director-General of Emergency Management Australia
    • Delegate input via workshop questions

    3:20Break3:50Workshop Reporting Session

    Julian Talbot, Practice Leader – Risk Management, Jakeman Business Solutions

    4:20Special presentation4:50Day Close

    Speakers

    Dr Marc Sageman, Senior Fellow, Center on Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism, and Homeland Security, Foreign Policy Research Institute, USA

    After a tour as a flight surgeon in the U.S. Navy, Dr Sageman joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1984. He spent a year on the Afghan Task Force then went to Islamabad from 1987 to 1989, where he ran the U.S. unilateral programs with the Afghan Mujahedin. In 1991, he resigned from the Agency.

    In 2004, he published the widely acclaimed book Understanding Terror Networks.

    In December 2007, his new book will be published. Called Leaderless Jihad, Dr Sageman rejects the views that place responsibility for terrorism on society or a flawed, predisposed individual. Instead, he argues, the individual, outside influence, and group dynamics come together in a four-step process through which Muslim youth becomes radicalized. First, traumatic events either experienced personally or learned about indirectly spark moral outrage. Individuals interpret this outrage through a specific ideology, more felt and understood than based on doctrine. Usually in a chat room or other Internet-based venues, adherents share this moral outrage, which resonates with the personal experiences of others. The outrage is acted on by a group, either online or offline.

    Leaderless Jihad offers a ray of hope. Drawing on historical analogies, Dr Sageman argues that the zeal of jihadism is self-terminating; eventually its followers will turn away from violence as a means of expressing their discontent. The book concludes with Sageman’s recommendations for the application of his research to counterterrorism law enforcement efforts.

    Dr Sageman will discuss his new findings in advance of the book’s release in December.

    The Hon. Arch Bevis MP, Shadow Minister for Homeland Security, Justice, Customs and Territories

    In March 1990, Arch was elected the Member for Brisbane in the Hawke/Keating Labor Government.

    Following the 2004 election, Arch was appointed to a new role as the Shadow Minister for Defence Planning, Procurement and Personnel and the Assistant Shadow Minister for Industrial Relations in October that year.

    In June 2005, Arch was appointed as the Shadow Minister for Homeland Security; Aviation and Transport Security. In December of 2006 a change to the front bench has resulted in Arch adding Territories to his portfolio.  Following a further change in March 2007, Arch added Justice and Customs to his portfolio.

    Athol Yates, Executive Director, Australian Homeland Security Research Centre 

    Athol Yates specialises in analysing national security policy and the role played by the private sector in enhancing national security. His specialisations include: critical infrastructure protection policy, influenza pandemic planning, national security arrangements and coordination and public-private partnerships in security.

    His recent publications have included the The Future of Private Security, 2007 Trends for Homeland Security in Australia and Western Isolation: The Perth experience of the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic.

    Dr Carl Ungerer, Lecturer in International Relations, University of Queensland

    Prior to joining the University of Queensland in January 2004, Dr Ungerer was the Foreign Affairs and National Security Advisor to the Leader of the Federal Opposition. He has previously worked in Australia and overseas with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. From 1999-2002, he was a senior Strategic Analyst in the Office of National Assessments.

    He is author/editor of numerous publications on foreign and security policy includingThe Politics of Nuclear Non-Proliferation (2001) and Australian Foreign Policy in an Age of Terror (forthcoming).

    Dr Graeme Pearman, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Department of Arts, Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University

    Dr Pearman was the co-author of the 2006 report Climate Change and Security: Heating Up the Planet. The report’s other co-author was Dr Alan Dupont. The report was published by the Lowy Institute.

    Dr. Graeme Pearman is honorary Senior Research Fellow at Monash University. He trained as a biologist and was Chief of the CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research from 1992–2002. He is an internationally recognised climate scientist with more than 150 academic publications to his credit and is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, the Royal Society of Victoria and the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering. Graeme was awarded a United Nation’s Environment Program Global 500 Award in 1989, an Australian Medal of the Order of Australia in 1999 and a Federation Medal in 2003.

    Professor Peter Curson, Emeritus Professor in Medical Geography, Macquarie University, and Professor of Population & Security in the Centre for International Security Studies at the University of Sydney 

    Professor Curson was the author of the report Invisible enemies: infectious disease and national security published by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute.

    His expertise lies in medical geography, population health-environmental interactions, historical epidemiology, emerging infectious disease, the geography of epidemics and climate change and human health.

    He is the author/editor of a number of books including studies of historical epidemics, bubonic plague and natural disasters. These have included being contributing author toSpanish Flu Pandemic of 1918: New Perspectives (2003), and Pathological Environments (2004).

    Professor Peter Grabosky

    Peter Graboskyis a Professor in the Regulatory Institutions Network (REGNET) of the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies at the Australian National University, and Deputy Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Northwestern University, and has written extensively on criminal justice and public policy, His general interests are in policing, the prevention and control of computer-related crime, and in means of harnessing nongovernmental resources in furtherance of public policy. He is a former Deputy Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology, and past President of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology.

    Associate Professor Nick O’Brien, Australian Graduate School of Policing, Charles Sturt University

    Before joining Charles Sturt University, Professor O’Brien represented the UK Association of Chief Police Officers – Terrorism and Allied Matters Committee (ACPO-TAM) and all the UK police forces as the Counter Terrorism and Extremism Liaison Officer (CTELO) at the British High Commission in Canberra . He covered Australasia and had a ‘watching brief’ on the Asia and the Pacific region.

    Prior to this posting he was in charge of International Terrorism Operations in Special Branch at New Scotland Yard. He also had responsibility for the National Terrorist Financial Investigations Unit (NTFIU) and International Liaison. Professor O’Brien has had national responsibility for all Special Branch training in the United Kingdom .

    Professor O’Brien represented the UK at the G8 Counter Terrorist Practitioners Meetings and was the author of the G8 paper on Best Practices in Dealing with Suicide Terrorism.

    Dr Anthony Bergin, Director of Research Programs, Australian Strategic Policy Institute

    Dr Bergin is the author of the recent report A change in climate for the Australian Defence Force (2007). The report describes the ways that the issues and impacts of climate change may affect the ADF.

    Dr Bergin is responsible for the Institute’s research and publication programs on defence and international security issues. He has written extensively on a wide range of national security and ocean policy issues. Dr Bergin was most recently Associate Professor of Politics, University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) in Canberra. From 1981-1985 he taught political science at the Royal Australian Naval College. From 1991-2003 he was the Director of the Australian Defence Studies Centre (ADSC).

    His other recent publications have included

    Australian universities and terrorism (2007)
    Are we ready? Healthcare preparedness for catastrophic terrorism (2007)
    Future Unknown: The terrorist threat to Australian maritime security (2005)

    Professor Terry Hull, Chair in Population, Health and Development, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University 

    Professor Hull is a highly respected demographer with research expertise in the areas of fertility trends in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, and family planning issues. He has written, contributed or edited the following publications:

    Islam: State and Population (2005)
    People, Population and Policy in Indonesia(2005)
    Demographic perspectives on the future of the Indonesian Family (2003)

    Associate Professor Ian Wing, Australian Graduate School of Policing, Charles Sturt University

    Professor Wing’s career has combined the disciplines of intelligence and counter-terrorism, with experience in the military, national security, private enterprise and academic sectors. He has worked in the field of counter-terrorism at the tactical and strategic levels, including active service in East Timor and Iraq, and lengthy service within Canberra’s national security machinery.

    He is a Visiting Fellow at the School of Humanities and Social Sciences of UNSW@ADFA and the President of the Australian Institute of Professional Intelligence Officers. He is currently developing the new CSU Masters Course in ‘Australian National Security, Emergency and Risk Management.’

    He holds a PhD in Australian national security and was recently awarded the United States Bronze Star Medal for meritorious achievement in combat.

    Dr Christian Enemark, Centre for International Security Studies, University of Sydney, and National Centre for Biosecurity, Australian National University 

    Dr Enemark is Lecturer in International Security at the University of Sydney and Deputy Director of the National Centre for Biosecurity at the Australian National University. A PhD graduate from the ANU Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, he has worked previously in the NSW Attorney General’s Department and as Lecturer in Global Security at the University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy. Dr Enemark has published in a variety of international journals on the security implications of infectious diseases, and on the laws and ethics of armed conflict. His latest book is entitled Disease and Security: Natural Plagues and Biological Weapons in East Asia (Routledge, 2007).

    Ian Dudgeon

    Ian Dudgeon is the principal of a Canberra-based consultancy whose services include advice and reviews concerning national security issues. He has served in both the Foreign Affairs and Trade and Defence portfolios, and held senior appointments in the Australian intelligence community. He is the author of major policy studies for government on AIC support to military operations, information operations, and the national information infrastructure.

    Erin Smith, Research Fellow, Centre for Ambulance and Paramedic Studies, Monash University, and the Field Coordinator of the Cochrane Collaboration’s Prehospital and Emergency Health Field

    Ms Smith recently published the article Emergency health care workers’ willingness to work during major emergencies and disasters in the Australian Journal of Emergency Management. This examined whether emergency health care workers would be willing to work during these events and she is currently researching the response of these workers to unexpected biological and infectious diseases.

    Erin Smith is field coordinator of the international Cochrane Prehospital and Emergency Health Field and coordinator of the International Prehospital Research Directory. She has completed studies in clinical trials and clinical epidemiology. The Cochrane Collaboration is an organisation that distributes the latest evidence-based health care information worldwide.

    She is actively involved with the Cochrane Collaboration as a systematic reviewer with the Anaesthesia and Heart Groups and is the Section Editor for the “Cochrane Corner” in the International, Electronic Journal of Emergency Primary Health Care. Erin coordinates the International Prehospital Research Directory and volunteers in an Emergency Communications role with Rural Ambulance Victoria.

    Gadi Bichler, General Manager, Point Trading

    Gadi Bichler is the General Manager of Point Trading, an organisation supplying complete CBRN solutions to state and federal agencies in Australia and New Zealand.

    Prior to joining Point Trading Gadi has held management positions within the Australian IT sector, and before that he was involved with tactical CBR first response operations and methodology.

    Gadi holds a B.Sc. and an MBA both from the University of Melbourne.

    Point Trading is an organisation dedicated to enhance defence and national security capabilities. Gadi has strong views on the preparedness of the nation’s first responders to chemical and biological incidents.

    Julian Talbot, Practice Leader – Risk Management, Jakeman Business Solutions

    Julian is a Director and Senior Consultant with Jakeman Business Solutions (JBS), a specialist business strategy and risk management company, where among other projects he is also lead author for the inaugural Security Risk Management Body of Knowledge (SRMBOK).

    Julian is a Certified Protection Professional (CPP) with over 20 years international security and risk management experience. His background includes roles as:

    Manager of Security for Australia’s largest natural resources project, the $20 billion North West Shelf Venture (NWSV),
    Manager of Property and Security for the Australian Governments most extensive overseas network, the Australian Trade Commission (Austrade) with 120 offices and 22 consular missions in 60 countries, and
    Head of Security & Risk Management for Malaysian Smelting Corporations mining operations in Indonesia.
    Julian is also a Director with the Risk Management Institution of Australasia, an Assistant Regional Vice President with ASIS International and a Research Associate with the Australian Homeland Security Research Centre.

    Sal Sidoti, Booz Allen Hamilton

    Sal is a professional engineer and project manager with broad experience in critical infrastructure protection, explosive ordnance and weapons systems engineering, intelligence analysis, and risk and safety management.

    During his time with Booz Allen he has managed or contributed to a diverse range of projects for both government and commercial clients. Sal began his career as an Armaments Engineering Officer in the Royal Australian Air Force, with a particular specialisation in systems engineering, explosive ordnance disposal and airbase survivability. In this role, he has also worked as an intelligence analyst conducting large scale vulnerability and capability analysis.

    Sal is the author of ‘Airbase Operability’ a significant study of critical infrastructure protection practices in military airbases. Subsequently published in two editions, the book is now a standard text in military colleges around the world and is considered an international benchmark on base area defence and survivability.

    Sal is a Chartered Professional Engineer, a member of the Australian Institute of Project Managers and the Risk Management Institution of Australia, and has Masters degrees in Business Administration and Science. He presently leads Booz Allen’s Australian border security and security risk consulting businesses.

    David Templeman, former Director-General of Emergency Management Australia

    David Templeman completed six years (2000 to 2006) as Director-General of Emergency Management Australia (EMA), the Federal Government’s agency with responsibility for reducing the impact of natural, technological and human-caused disasters on the Australian community.

    His appointment as DGEMA followed significant senior executive civilian career in Defence which included many roles working with the Australian Defence Force within Australia and overseas. During his time as DGEMA, David’s particular challenges have included national coordination for the re-entry of the Mir Space Station in early 2001 major flooding in NSW and WA later in the same year, contributing to enhanced security arrangements in Australia since the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, the Bali bombings in 2002, Madrid train attacks in 2004, the Australian Embassy bombing Jakarta 2004 and London bombings 2005.

    Don Williams

    Don Williams holds qualifications in Security Management, Security Risk Management as well as Project and Resource Management. He is a Certified Protection Professional (CPP) and a member of the American Society for Industrial Security (International) and consults on strategic security analysis. Based on his security qualifications and over 20 year’s experience as a bomb technician in the Australian Army, including three years at the Australian Bomb Data Centre, Don was appointed the Bomb Risk Manager for the Sydney Olympics and Paralympics. He is a member of the Venue Managers’ Association and the Institute of Explosive Engineers and is the Australian Chapter Director of the International Association of Bomb Technicians and Investigators.

    Dr Keith Horsley, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

    Dr Keith Horsley is a medical practitioner currently working at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.  He has research the health problems of Vietnam veterans, Korean War veteran, Gulf war veterans, participants in the British nuclear tests and various occupational exposures in defence personnel.  Recently, he has worked in pandemic influenza and other aspects of disaster medicine.

    Dr Karl Mallon, Climate Risk

    Dr Karl Mallon is the Scientific and Technical Director for Climate Risk Pty Ltd. Climate Risk provides specialist climate change risk analysis for government and the private sector.

    He is a first class honours graduate in physics from the United Kingdom and holds a doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Melbourne.

    Karl has worked in the field of climate change and energy since 1991, and is the editor and co-author of ‘Renewable Energy Policy and Politics: A Handbook for Decision Making’ published by Earthscan (London).

    He as worked as a technology and energy policy analyst for various international government and non-government organisations.  Karl was a member of the CSIRO’s Energy Futures Forum which reported in 2006, as well as a director of the Australian Wind Energy Association between 2003 and 2005.

    Alan Hodges, AM, Principal Alan Hodges Consulting

    Alan Hodges was Director General of Emergency Management Australia from 1994 until 2000. Since then he has undertaken consultancy projects in partnership with others or individually for a variety of organisations such as Defence (Defence Personnel Environment Scan 2020), Victorian Government (Plan for the management of horse disease emergencies in Victoria), Animal Health Australia, Engineers Australia, DFAT and NZ Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. He is an active member of a number of boards and committees within the ACT at both government and community levels.

    Program Chair: Safeguarding Australia 2007 

    Athol Yates,
    Executive Director
    Australian Homeland Security Research Centre
    Tel: 02 6161 5143 or 0402 419 583
    Email: athol.yates@homelandsecurity.org.au

    Program Chair: RNSA Security Technology Conference
    A/Prof Priyan Mendis
    RNSA Network Convenor
    University of Melbourne
    Tel: 03 8344 7244
    Email: p.mendis@civenv.unimelb.edu.au