Safeguarding Australia 2011

  • 2011

    10th Safeguarding Australia Conference: Recalibrating the security response

    14 September 2011

    A one day conference marking the 10th anniversary of the 2001 terrorist attacks in U.S with lessons from the U.S Homeland Security and review developments in combating international and home-grown terrorism over the last decade. It focussed on the near term challenges, notably organised crime, border security and international security.

    9:00 Conference Chairs
    Athol Yates, Australian Security Research Centre and Dr Chad Whelan, Deakin University
     9:10 Conference Opening
    Address given on behalf of  Robert McClelland, Attorney-General
    9:30 The future of counter-terrorism, domestic security and resilience in the UKDr Tobias Feakin, Director, National Security & Resilience, RUSI
    10:10 Global trends in terrorism: 10 years after the September 2001 attacks
    Dr Grant Wardlaw, Senior Fellow, Australian Research Council’s Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS) at the Australian National University (ANU)
    10:45 Panel discussion: Terrorism over the next 10 years

    • Dr Greg Fealy, Indonesian terrorism specialist, Australian National University
    • Assistant Commissioner Steve Lancaster, National Manager for Counter Terrorism, Australian Federal Police
    • Dr Grant Wardlaw, Senior Fellow, Australian Research Council’s Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS) at the Australian National University (ANU)
    11:15 Break
    Evaluating the value of counter-terrorism expenditure
    11:40 Chair: Peter Homel, Research Manager, Crime Reduction and Review Program, Australian Institute of CriminologyMeasuring the effectiveness of counter-terrorism strategies in Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand
    Dr Gentry White, Research Fellow, ARC Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security

    The evidence of the value of counter-terrorism expenditure
    Professor Mark Stewart, University of Newcastle, and author of Terror, Security, and Money: Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security (Oxford University Press, October 2011)

    12:40 Lunch
    1:30 Organised Crime and Security Nexus StreamChair: John McFarlane, Adjunct Professor, Centre for Policing,Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism,Macquarie University, and AssociateInvestigator, Centre of Excellencein Policing and Security, AustralianNational University Border, aviation and airport security stream
    Chair: Professor Nara Srinivasan, Centre of Aviation and Security Studies, Edith Cowen University and Emirates Group Security
    12:45 Cyber Warfare Conference Stream
    This stream is Day 1 of the 2nd National Cyber Warfare Conference 
    Chair: Athol Yates, Director, Australian Security Research Centre
    1:40 Organised Crime -Terror NexusBill Tupman, University Fellow, Terrorism and Organised Crime Consultant, The University of Exeter, England The impact of Australia’s Aviation Security Regulator in a global context
    Paul Retter, Executive Director, Office of Transport Security
    12:50 Cyber security and warfare – Meanings and termsGary Waters, co-author of Optimising Australia’s Response to the Cyber Challenge (2011)
    2:30 Organised Crime – Irregular Migration NexusA/Professor Andreas Schloenhardt, Associate Dean (International), T.C. Beirne School of Law, University of Queensland The role of the airline and other private entities in aviation security
    Geoffrey AskewAM, former Head of Security & Emergency Management for the Qantas Group, and Principal of Askew & Associates
    2:00 Australian, US and UK Government approaches to cyber security/warfareDr Tobias Feakin, Director, National Security & Resilience, RUS

    Andrew Davies, Operations and Capability Program Director, Australian Strategic Policy Institute and author of Australia’s Cyber Security (2011)

    3:20 Break
    3:45 Organised Crime – Nation State NexusDr Andrew Phillips, Senior Lecturer, School of Political Science and International Studies, University of Queensland Transforming role of private sector and bi-lateral approach to border protection Professor Nara Srinivasan, Centre of Aviation and Security Studies, Edith Cowen University and Emirates Group Security 3:00 The challenges facing Australian cyber organisationsAustralian Federal Police, Grant Edwards, A/National Manager, High Tech Crime Operations

    Mike Rothery, First Assistant Secretary, National Security Resilience Policy Division, Attorney-General’s Department

    Richard Windeyer, First Assistant Secretary, Digital Economy Strategy Division, Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy

    Tim Scully, CEO stratsec & Head of Cyber Security, BAE Systems Australia

    4:45 Moderated panel and audience discussion on the organised crime and security nexus Moderated panel and audience discussion on border, aviation and airport security.
    5:00 Conference concludes
    6:30 Conference networking drinks
    7:30 Conference dinnerDinner Speaker: David Irvine, Director-General of Security, Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO)

    Athol Yates

    Dr Athol Yates is a policy specialist focusing on national security, public policy, economic infrastructure and engineering issues.

    His national security policy areas of expertise include:

    • National and homeland security strategy
    • Non-traditional security threats and responses
    • Use of defence forces for non-traditional missions

    His national security research interests include:

    • Improving the use of defence forces for non-traditional missions
    • Integrating into national security arrangements non-traditional security threats including pandemics, energy security and economic security
    • Using evidence-based systematic reviews to inform national security policy
    • Deterrence and its application to middle powers and non-traditional threats
    • Expanding critical infrastructure protection policy to incorporate all-hazard approaches
    • Professionalising the security sector

    His major publications are available

    Dr Tobias Feakin

    Tobias is Director of the National Security and Resilience department at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies. Within this role he is responsible for the growth of a research team examining issues pertaining to radicalisation, terrorism, counter-terrorist policy and technologies, resilience, critical national infrastructure, and the security impacts of climate change.
    He holds a PhD in International Security and Politics from the University of Bradford, and he has worked as a Research Fellow for the Landau Network, Centro-Volta in Italy, and the Home Office arriving at RUSI in 2006.

    He has lectured at the University of Cambridge, University of Bradford, Joint Services Command and Staff College, the NATO Defence College in Rome, as well as speaking internationally at numerous conferences and roundtable discussions. Regularly being used by the media he has appeared on the BBC, Channel 4, NBC, Al-Jazeera, Sky News, as well as being quoted in many newspapers around the globe.

    Dr Grant Wardlaw

    Dr Grant Wardlaw is a Senior Fellow in the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS) at the Australian National University (ANU).
    Grant has held senior executive positions in crime intelligence, research and policy organisations, including being National Manager, Intelligence in the Australian Federal Police (AFP), National Director Criminal Intelligence, Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Executive Director of the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence (ABCI), Director of the Commonwealth Government’s Office of Strategic Crime Assessments (OSCA) and Acting Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC). He has published widely in the fields of terrorism, illicit drug policy and law enforcement intelligence and is the author of Political Terrorism: Theory, Tactics and Countermeasures (Cambridge University Press).

    Dr Grant Wardlaw is a Senior Fellow in the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS) at the Australian National University (ANU).

    Grant has held senior executive positions in crime intelligence, research and policy organisations, including being National Manager, Intelligence in the Australian Federal Police (AFP), National Director Criminal Intelligence, Australian Crime Commission (ACC), Executive Director of the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence (ABCI), Director of the Commonwealth Government’s Office of Strategic Crime Assessments (OSCA) and Acting Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC).

    He has published widely in the fields of terrorism, illicit drug policy and law enforcement intelligence and is the author of Political Terrorism: Theory, Tactics and Countermeasures (Cambridge University Press).

    Professor Greg Fealy

    Greg Fealy is associate professor and senior fellow in Southeast Asian politics at the College of Asia and the Pacific, The Australian National University, Canberra.

    His main research interests are Islam and post-independence Indonesian politics. He gained his PhD from Monash University in 1998 with a study of the history of Nahdlatul Ulama, published in Indonesian under the title Ijtihad Politik Ulama: Sejarah NU, 1952-1967.

    He is the co-author of Zealous Democrats (2009), Joining the Caravan? The Middle East, Islamism and Indonesia (2005), and Radical Islam and Terrorism in Indonesia (2005). He is also co-editor of Soeharto’s New Order and its Legacy (2010), Expressing Islam: Politics and Religiosity in Indonesia (2008), Voices of Islam in Southeast Asia: A Contemporary Sourcebook (2006), Local Power and Politics in Indonesia: Decentralisation and Democratisation (2003) and Nahdlatul Ulama, Traditionalism and Modernity in Indonesia (1995).

    He was the C.V. Starr Visiting Professor in Indonesian Politics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, Washington DC, in 2003, and has been a consultant to AusAID, USAID, The Asia Foundation and BP.  He was an Indonesia analyst at the Office of National Assessments from 1997 to 1999.

    Professor Peter Homel, PSM

    Peter Homel is an internationally recognised crime prevention and evaluation expert. He holds joint appointments as a Professor in the School of Criminology at Griffith University as well as working with the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC).

    Peter is particularly experienced in the translation of evidence and research into applied practice. His work focuses on the development, implementation and evaluation of crime prevention policies and programs as well as initiatives to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the criminal justice system both in Australia and overseas.  He has an extensive background in working with government and non-government agencies as well as international bodies.

    Dr Gentry White

    Dr. White received his BS in Mechanical Engineering, and MA and PhD in Statistics from the University of Missouri.  He was a post-doctoral fellow at North Carolina State University and an Associate post-doctoral fellow at The Statistical and Mathematical Sciences Institute (SAMSI).  Dr. White is currently a Research Fellow at the University of Queensland, in the Institute for Social Science Research in the Policing and Security program, a node of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security (CEPS).  His current research interest include quantitative methods for national security related, spatial modelling, complex dynamic systems and GPGPU parallel processing.

    Professor Mark Stewart 

    Mark Stewart is a Professor of Civil Engineering and Director of the Centre for Infrastructure Performance and Reliability at The University of Newcastle, Australia. Professor Stewart has expertise in uncertainty modelling and probabilistic risk assessment of engineering and other systems when exposed to a range of man-made and natural hazards. Current work focuses on the quantification of security risks and the cost-effectiveness of aviation security and other counter-terrorism measures. He has written a text on probabilistic risk assessment and published over 200 technical papers and reports.

    Professor John McFarlane

    John McFarlane is an Adjunct Professor at the Centre for Policing, Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism at Macquarie University in Sydney, and an Associate Investigator with the Centre for Excellence in Policing and Security at the Australian National University in Canberra. His research interests include transnational crime, links between crime and terrorism, corruption, maritime security, fragile states, and police peace operations.

    Mr McFarlane retired from the Australian Federal Police in 1999, having served as a Special Adviser in the Office of the Commissioner, and previously as the AFP’s Director of Intelligence. Prior to his appointment to the AFP, Mr McFarlane served for over 25 years with the Australian Intelligence Community.

    Bill Tupman

    Bill Tupman is a semi-retired academic from the University of Exeter, where he was Director of the Centre for Police and Criminal Justice Studies for 10 years and then Director for the Unit for Research on Community Safety. He took early retirement in 2005 to develop consultancy work with a variety of clients. He edits the blog for the Standing Group on Organised Crime of the European Consortium for Political Research. He and his team evaluated Project ARC (Addressing Repeat Criminality) for Avon and Somerset Police in a Beacon Award scheme, funded by the Home Office 2000-2001. In 2004 he acted as UK “expert” and wrote a report on UK criminal records and investigatory databases for an AGIS project on the feasibility of an EU database on investigations and prosecutions. He is in the process of building a group of PhD students researching aspects of organized crime investigation at Anglia Ruskin University in the UK, having completed the supervision of a group researching jihadist deradicalization.

    He began working on urban guerilla warfare, rural guerilla warfare, revolutionary warfare and terrorism in the 1970s, when General Richard Clutterbuck and he ran a joint course at the University. He also worked as an external tutor on courses preparing UK Army officers for Staff College entry and as advisor to the Police Inspectors’ Development Course. He is at present researching terrorism and organised crime, particularly terrorist financing. “Ten Myths of Terrorist Financing” was published in the Journal of Money Laundering Control during 2009. He is the author with Alison Tupman of the book: “Policing in Europe: Diversity in Uniform”. He lectures and publishes widely to a variety of audiences on subjects related to terrorism, organized crime, cross-border policing and information technology.

    Paul Retter

    Paul Retter is the Executive Director of the Office of Transport Security (OTS) at the Department of Infrastructure and Transport. In this position, Paul is responsible for OTS’ work within the framework of the National Counter-Terrorism Plan to:

    • provide strategic leadership and national consistency in transport security;
    • set and enforce a preventive security framework for the aviation, maritime and Oil and Gas sectors; and
    • work with State and Territory governments to implement effective and consistent preventive security measures in surface transport.

    Paul commenced his appointment as the Executive Director on the 18th of April 2006.  Prior to joining OTS, Paul was a senior member of the Australian Defence Force, where he was responsible for developing and progressing land based military capability requirements to Government.  His other Defence appointments between 2001 and 2004 included appointment as the Deputy Force Commander of the UN Peacekeeping Force in East Timor, and as Army’s Director General of Preparedness and Plans.

    In January 2006 Paul was appointed a Member of the Order of Australia.

    Paul is married to Ruth and they have three adult children.  Paul enjoys reading “who done it” novels, keeping physically fit and watching Rugby Union.

    Robert McClelland

    Robert McClelland is the Commonwealth Attorney-General and the Member for Barton, an electorate based in the St George area of Sydney.

    Robert was first elected as the Federal Member for Barton in March 1996. In October 1998 he was appointed Shadow Attorney-General and later served in a range of shadow portfolios including Workplace Relations, Justice, Homeland Security, Defence and Foreign Affairs. Following the election of the Labor Government in November 2007, Robert was appointed Australia’s 33rd Attorney-General.

    Robert has a strong attachment to the local area of St George, where he was born and raised. He attended Connells Point Primary School and Blakehurst High, where he was school captain in 1975. Robert still lives in the area with his wife and four children.

    A former junior representative footballer, Robert still likes to play touch football and is a proud supporter of the St George Illawarra Dragons rugby league team. His other sporting passion is surfing.

    He has a Bachelor of Law degree from the University of NSW and a Master of Law from the University of Sydney. Before entering Federal Parliament he was a partner in the Sydney law firm Turner Freeman where he specialised in labour and sporting law

    Geoffrey Askew AM

    Geoffrey Askew AM retired as a senior executive and Head of Security & Emergency Management for the Qantas Group of companies at the end of February 2009, after 15 years.

    Following a career with the Australian Defence Force and the Victoria State Police, Geoff joined Australian Airlines in 1988 and became Head of Security in 1991. When Qantas Airways Limited acquired Australian Airlines in 1994, Geoff was appointed Group General Manager of Security for the Qantas Group of companies.

    Geoff chaired the Security Committee of the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines (“AAPA”) in 2007/08 and the International Air Transport Associations (“IATA”) Security Executive during its most challenging time in September 2001. He also represented the transport industry on the Attorney General’s Critical Infrastructure Advisory Council as well as an active participant on numerous other government committees and working groups both in Australia and overseas.

    Geoff was appointed as a Member in the General Division of the Order Of Australia on Australia Day 2010.  His citation read; “For service to the aviation industry through contributions to security policy and the development of improved crisis management programs”.

    Geoff is a Director of Crime Stoppers New South Wales, a member of the National Committee on Security Standards and Principal of his own consulting company, Askew & Associates.

    Professor Andreas Schloenhardt

    Andreas Schloenhardt is Associate Professor and the Associate Dean (International) at The University of Queensland TC Beirne School of Law in Brisbane, Australia.  He holds a PhD in Law from The University of Adelaide.

    Andreas’ principal areas of research include criminal law, organised crime, narcotrafficking, terrorism, international criminal law, and immigration and refugee law.  His current work focuses on organised crime in Australia, criminal law in Queensland, and trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling in Australia.  He is the author of many books and journal articles and his work is frequently cited by other scholars, in government publications, and judicial decisions, including the High Court of Australia.  Andreas is a frequent commentator on organised crime and criminal law on national television, radio, and in newspapers.

    Andreas teaches Criminal Law and Transnational Organised Crime.  He is a regular consultant to the United Nations Office on Drugs andCrime (UNODC) and the Australian Federal Police (AFP).   Prior to his position at The University of Queensland, he was a lecturer at The University of Adelaide Law School.

    Dr Gary Waters

    Gary Waters spent thirty-three years in the Royal Australian Air Force, retiring as an Air Commodore in 2002. He then spent three years as a senior public servant in Defence before joining Jacobs Australia as Head of Strategy. He has written over twelve books on doctrine, strategy, cyber security and military history. His latest two books, both related to cyber, are: ‘Australia and Cyber Warfare’ (with Professor Des Ball and Ian Dudgeon, 2008), and ‘Optimising Australia’s Response to the Cyber Challenge’ (with Air-Vice Marshal John Blackburn, 2011).

    He has been a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Company Directors and a Vice President of the United Services Institute, and Inaugural Board Member and Treasurer of the Kokoda Foundation. His doctorate is in political science and international relations.

    Dr Andrew Phillips

    Andrew Phillips is a Fellow in ANU’s Department of International Relations. His research interests focus broadly on the evolution of the global state system from 1500 to the present, and concentrate specifically on the challenges that ‘new’ security threats such as religiously motivated terrorism, the spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction, and state failure pose to the contemporary global state system.

    Dr Phillips’ book, War, Religion and Empire: The Transformation of International Orders (Cambridge University Press, 2011) examines the evolution of international orders in Europe, East Asia, and the Islamic world from the Protestant Reformation to the present, and offers the first book-length effort to synthesise insights from realism and constructivism in accounting for international orders’ constitution and transformation. Additionally, Dr Phillips also has works published or forthcoming in journals including Review of International StudiesEuropean Journal of International Relations,Australian Journal of International AffairsNational Identities, and Security Challenges. Prior to undertaking his postgraduate studies, Dr Phillips also worked in the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet.

    Andrew Davies

    Andrew has been with ASPI since 2006. He has written extensively on ADF capability and force structuring issues, including hardware options, industry issues, decision-making in the Department of Defence and ways of more effectively employing Reserve forces. Before joining ASPI, Andrew spent twelve years in the Department of Defence. With a background in Physics, he joined the Department as a research scientist working on force-development issues, before moving on to managerial roles in capability analysis, signals intelligence and project management

    Mike Rothery

    Mike heads the National Security Resilience Policy Division created in March 2009.  The Division is responsible for policy, legislation, advice and programs related to developing national resilience to the full range of natural and human made hazards, including the areas of critical infrastructure protection, chemical, electronic and identity security, and protective security policy.  In this position Mike chairs the E- Security Policy and Coordination Committee and the Protective Security Policy Committee. Prior to this Mike headed up the Emergency Management Policy and Liaison Branch of Emergency Management Australia, the E-Security Policy and Coordination Branch and the Critical Infrastructure Protection Branch from December 2004.  Since joining the Attorney-General’s Department in 1995 Mike has worked on counter terrorism policy & training, e-security and secure communications. Mike is a panel member of the National Centre for Security Standards of Standards Australia, a member of the Advisory Board to the Defence and Security Applications Research Centre (UNSW at ADFA), and is chair of the Advisory Board of the Research Network for a Secure Australia.

    Richard Windeyer

    Richard Windeyer is currently First Assistant Secretary, Digital Economy Strategy Division within DBCDE.  Prior to this position, he was Principle Adviser in DBCDE working on the National Broadband Network.  This is the second time Richard has worked in the communications portfolio having spent seven years in the portfolio, including three years working as a telecommunications adviser to successive communications ministers, until 2005.  Between these two periods in the portfolio, Richard worked on national security policy, first on aviation security in the Department of Transport, and then in the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.

    Mr David Irvine

    Mr Irvine is a career diplomat who joined the Australian Foreign Service in 1970; postings included Rome, Jakarta (twice), Beijing and Port Moresby; High Commissioner to Papua New Guinea (1996-1999);  Australian Ambassador to the People’s Republic of China, Mongolia and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (2000-2003) and Director-General of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (2003- 2009).

    During the five years prior to his appointment in Papua New Guinea, Mr Irvine held several senior management and policy positions in the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Canberra, including management of Australia’s relations with the major markets of South, North and East Asia, as well as Indochina.

    In March 2009, Mr Irvine was appointed Director-General of Security, in charge of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO).